What is generally understood by ‘photographic realism’ is only the transcendent form of this realism, its philosophical form and its innumerable avatars. This is why it is preferable to speak of transcendent or philosophical interpretations, including in this idealist interpretations, technologist interpretations, etc. alongside ‘realist’ interpretations.
To the latter belong interpretations in terms of: (1) Representation, documentation, enhancement of vision, etc.; (2). Icon, emanation, manifestation of the object; (3) Expression; (4) Technological processes of image-reproduction; (5) Pictorial and manual manipulation, editing, artificial imagery; (6) Analogon, simulacrum, etc. Realisms more or less supported or moderated, nuanced, differenced –but realisms in the first instance and founded on the philosophical –not at all scientific –presupposition that the transcendence of the World is co-constitutive for thought and for knowledge.
Read more: FRANÇOIS LARUELLE THE CONCEPT OF NON-PHOTOGRAPHY